Uncertainty is taking a toll on the mental health of farmers in the U.S.
With plummeting farm income, low commodity prices and high input costs, stress is front and center for farmers and farm families. Current challenges remind many of those faced in the 1980s. Add in a global pandemic and, for some, it may feel like the walls are closing in.
Farmer Stress Is Growing
There’s often a stigma around mental health, especially in the farming community. But mental health isn’t just a mental illness. It includes our entire mental well-being: how we behave, think and feel. Mental health concerns include severe stress, pervasive worry, lack of sleep and loss of connection. When difficulties begin to impact daily life, they move toward more dangerous issues such as crippling anxiety, self-harm or even suicidal ideation.
“As farmers, we are all faced with varying levels of anxiety resulting from a host of concerns — the coronavirus pandemic, weather issues, China trade problems and other farm stressors,” said Kevin Scott, soybean farmer from South Dakota and chair of the American Soybean Association C-19 Task Force.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, research shows farmers experience comparatively higher levels of distress and depression than the general population, including a suicide rate that is 1.5 times higher than the national average. Additionally, they are often less likely to seek help for mental health concerns. Adding to the stress, farming is one of the most dangerous occupations; in fact, it’s comparable to mining as one of the leading most dangerous occupations.
Row crop farmers generally face many of their daily challenges and tasks solo. They often work long hours and may have limited social interaction throughout their days. Even though farmers may be chatting in the cab or talking shop at the diner, their daily conversations aren’t usually about how they’re coping with the stresses of farm life. With the dangerous work of farmers — long days, heavy equipment — mental health becomes even more high stakes.
“Stress levels have crept up out there in farm communities for some time now,” said Scott. “But knowing there are compounding issues out there and knowing how to talk about them and work to reduce them are two different things.”
Help Is Available to Farmers
Farmer mental health is a top priority of organizations who support farmers. A thriving farm is nothing without a healthy farmer. ASA, your soy checkoff and state soybean affiliates want all farmers to be healthy and to understand help is always there when needed.
These organizations have teamed up to launch a joint campaign offering tips, warning signs and resources to help farmers take control of their mental health while facing new challenges related to COVID-19 in addition to farm hardships. Farmers are famously private. And yet, it’s important they seek help for their emotional struggles, even if it feels intimidating or nerve-wracking. Depression and anxiety are nothing to be ashamed of. In times of crisis, they can arise just like the common cold.
If you are a farmer experiencing thoughts of depression, anxiety, self-harm or suicide, tools and resources are available to help. Talk about it with those close to you, other farmers or trained professionals. When the problem is ignored, things can, and will, escalate.
How Families and Communities Can Help
Often, identifying mental health difficulties includes family, friends and coworkers paying attention. There are warning signs and symptoms when someone is experiencing extreme stress, anxiety or feelings of depression. If you are close to a farmer and notice changes in their behavior, be willing to raise the issue. Resources are also available to help you initiate conversations with someone showing signs of troubling or deteriorating mental health.
Rural communities also help combat mental health difficulties among their farmers. Those within the community can help farmers by talking through concerns, difficulties and stresses. Sometimes, all a farmer needs is a friend to discuss what they are going through and point them to the right sources for help. There are various state-specific resources for communities to use.
Every farmer faces uncertainty. As the agriculture industry continues to face challenge on top of challenge, farmers benefit when mental health is openly talked about and understood. Farmers, you are not in this alone. Spend the time to take control of your mental well-being. If you or someone else is struggling, reach out for resources or a listening ear.
“I am sometimes embarrassed about the things that concern me. Simple mistakes, market moves, weather, and deciding who to do business with are so much harder now than when I was younger. Why? I don’t understand. My family and I have so many blessings, including financial well-being and good health.
It is so tough to admit that I have stress, depression, and anxiety. Some farm friends have expressed confronting similar pressures. I had no clue until they mentioned it.There is comfort in knowing that I am not alone and can face those mutual challenges with someone I know personally. I encourage others to open up to family and friends. It is very hard, but it is the first step in the healing process. ”
WHERE TO GET HELP:
- If it’s an emergency, Call 9-1-1
- For FirstLink Help Line, call 2-1-1
- National Suicide Prevention Hotline (available 24 hours/day), 1-800-273-8255 Text HOME to 741741
- Farm Aid Hotline 800-327-6243
- US Department of Health & Human Services:
- South Dakota Department of Social Services:
- Farm and Rural Stress Hotline – Avera:
- National Farmers Union Farm Crisis Center:
- Mental Health America – Mental Health Screening:
- SDSU Extension
- For mental health questions and additional resources, contact Andrea Bjornestad, 605-688-5125, SDSU Extension Mental Health Specialist.
For information about Mental Health First Aid Training, contact Lorna Saboe-Wounded Head, 605-782-3290, SDSU Extension Family Resource Management Field Specialist; or Heather Gessner, 605-782-3290, SDSU Extension Livestock Business Management Field Specialist.